- Preventing dementia
- Memory loss
- Alzheimer's disease
- Vascular dementia (multi-infarct dementia)
- Lewy body dementia
- Frontotemporal dementia (Pick's disease)
- Dementia videos
- Dementia tools
- Information for carers of dementia patients
- Transition of patients with dementia into an aged care home
- Supportive care
Exercise for brain health
Exercise has shown positive effects in brain functioning with accumulating evidence that memory and learning can improve with regular physical activity. This is especially relevant for studies looking into various strains of dementia.
For more information, see Exercise for Brain Health.
Nutrition and brain health
The effect of certain foods on brain development, mood disorders, cognition (thinking), disease states and aging has promised to be an essential area of research, development, non-pharmacological treatment and preventative measures.
For more information, see Nutrition and Brain Health.
Effects of mental activity on health
The protective, emotional, physical, psychological and neurological effects of stimulating the mind are widespread. Mental activity increases the flow of blood, oxygen and nutrients to the brain.
For more information, see Effects of Mental Activity on Health.
|Memory loss is a symptom where a person experiences an abnormal level of forgetfulness and inability to recall past events in their life. This usually is a consequence of damage to the brain that may have been caused by disease, injury or excessive emotional stress. Not all memory problems signify dementia or Alzheimer's disease – memory impairment can be caused by many medical conditions.|
For more information, see Memory Loss.
|Dementia affects about 160,000 Australians. Alzheimer's disease is the most common type of dementia, accounting for 50–75% of cases. It occurs most commonly in the elderly. Progressive deterioration in cognitive function, memory loss and behavioural changes occurrs in the early stages.|
For more information, see Alzheimer's Disease.
Animation: Alzheimer's disease
The healthy brain is made up of millions of interconnecting neurons communicating with each other. The brain of a patient with Alzheimer's disease is much different.
Watch an animation about Alzheimer's disease.
Vascular dementia (multi-infarct dementia)
|Vascular dementia is the second most common type of dementia. In vascular dementia, very small blood vessels are blocked, resulting in the death of small areas of brain tissue on the cerebral cortex. As this area is responsible for higher thought processes, small areas of damage result in the disordered thought seen in vascular dementia.|
For more information, see Vascular Dementia (Multi-Infarct Dementia).
Lewy body dementia
|Dementia with Lewy bodies, the third most frequent cause of dementia in older adults, is a neurodegenerative disorder associated with abnormal structures (Lewy bodies) found in certain areas of the brain. In addition to dementia, patients with Lewy body dementia experience hallucinations, motor impairment, and fluctuating alertness.|
For more information, see Lewy Body Dementia.
Frontotemporal dementia (Pick's disease)
|Frontotemporal dementia (Pick's disease) is a form of dementia characterised by gradually worsening decline of mental abilities, often affecting a person's ability to use and understand spoken and written language. It makes up about 2–3% of all cases of dementia.|
For more information, see Frontotemporal Dementia (Pick's Disease).
Dr Karyn Boundy discusses the causes, symptoms, testing and possible treatments of memory problems.
Watch the video Memory Disturbances.
An epidemic of dementia is occurring in Australia and around the world. Professor Craig Anderson explores the link between vascular risk factors and dementia.
Watch the video Dementia Prevention.
Ten for ten for life
Physical activity is beneficial to mental and physical health and an important part of improving the quality of life for people with dementia. Ten for Ten for Life is a set of 10 exercises that can be done in 10 minutes, either daily or 3–4 times a week.
Watch the video Ten for Ten for Life.
This video provides a basic understanding of Alzheimer's disease and examines the ways it affects people living with or caring for those affected by it. It offers practical advice on dealing with everyday life to make living with Alzheimer's disease more manageable.
Watch the video Memory Matters.
Caring for the carer
Caring for a person with Alzheimers disease is often a heroic task that demands a great deal of adjustment, patience and understanding.
Watch the video Caring for the Carer.
The Mini-Cog is a 3 minute test which can be used to discriminate between demented and non-demented persons.
|Dementia Benchmark Checklist|
|Once this checklist is completed the scores will establish a benchmark for all subsequent checklists. Ideally, these should be completed every 6 months.|
|Click here to complete the Dementia Benchmark Checklist|
Information for carers of dementia patients
|As an individual's dementia worsens, he or she will need more care and assistance. Consequently, many people with dementia live in professional aged care facilities. If you are caring for someone with dementia, you may find these tips useful.|
For more information, see Information for Carers of Dementia Patients.
Transition of patients with dementia into an aged care home
|As dementia progresses, so too does the level of assistance a loved one requires. Placement into an aged care home is often necessary. The decision to place a loved one with dementia into an aged care home is one of the most difficult decisions a person can make. It is a life event of enormous significance.|
For more information, see Transition of Patients with Dementia into an Aged Care Home.
|Alzheimer's Australia is the peak body providing support and advocacy for the 500,000 Australians living with dementia. State and territory Alzheimer's Associations were originally established as self help organisations by family carers of people with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias.|
For more information on this group, see Alzheimer's Australia.
Popular Health Topics Dates:
|Created: 17/2/2009||Modified: 28/2/2013|
List Health Topics by Medical Area
Australia’s leading source for trustworthy medical information written by health professionals.
Please be aware that we do not give advice on your individual medical condition,
Parenting information is available at Parenthub.com.au
|^ Back to Top|