Small lymphocytic lymphoma
- What is Small lymphocytic lymphoma?
- Statistics on Small lymphocytic lymphoma
- Risk Factors for Small lymphocytic lymphoma
- Progression of Small lymphocytic lymphoma
- How is Small lymphocytic lymphoma Diagnosed?
- Prognosis of Small lymphocytic lymphoma
- How is Small lymphocytic lymphoma Treated?
- Small lymphocytic lymphoma References
What is Small lymphocytic lymphoma?
Lymphoma is divided into 2 broad groups: Hodgkin's lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has many subtypes - and one of them is small lymphocytic lymphoma. Small lymphocytic lymphoma primary affects the B cells. It represents the tissue manifestation of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL).Lymphoma means cancer of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is important to our immune system where it helps to combat infection. The lymphatic system consists of several organs, e.g. lymph nodes, spleen, thymus and bone marrow, where all these are connected by tiny vessels. Lymphatic fluid is the medium that circulates in these tiny vessels. Like blood, it has cells in them. These cells can be divided into 2 types: T cells and B cells.
Statistics on Small lymphocytic lymphoma
Small lymphocytic lymphoma is one of the subtypes of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. It represents 7% of all non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It is one of the common subtypes of indolent (or slow growing) lymphoma.Racial variation does exist in small lymphocytic lymphoma. This disease is extremely rare in Asian countries like China and Japan. Predisposition to this disease includes caucasian population. Male to female ratio is about 1.7:1. The median age of diagnosis is 65 years old.
Risk Factors for Small lymphocytic lymphoma
Age: middle-aged to elderly peopleGender: slight male predominanceRacial ethnicity: more common in caucasians, Western society
Progression of Small lymphocytic lymphoma
With respect to the natural history of lymphoma, small lymphocytic lymphoma is one of the indolent (or slow-growing) lymphomas. This means that it has good prognosis but may not be curable.The course of small lymphocytic lymphoma is extremely variable depending on the clinical stage.Generally the staging can be summarised as below:Stage I - involvement of a single lymph node region or organ or site other than lymph nodesStage II - 2 or more lymph node regions involved on the same side of diaphragmStage III - 2 or more lymph node regions involved on both sides of diaphragmStage IV - one or more organs (e.g. bone marrow) involvedEach stage is subclassified into A and B (e.g. IIA), where B means presence of B symptoms (see below) while A means abscence of the following symptoms:
- Unexplained fever higher than 38 Centigrade
- Unexplained weight loss (defined as >10% of body weight in 6 months)
- Night sweats
How is Small lymphocytic lymphoma Diagnosed?
The usual basic tests will be done, including those to look at the blood and other blood components. Other general tests will determine the function of the liver.
Prognosis of Small lymphocytic lymphoma
The prognosis is dependent on the clinical stage when the disease is diagnosed. The later the stage, the worse the prognosis.The following criteria are used to determine the prognosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma:
How is Small lymphocytic lymphoma Treated?
Because small lymphocytic lymphoma is an indolent (or slow growing) lymphoma and also it may not respond to treatment, 'watchful waiting' may be the choice. However, if symptoms develop, treatment may be started.Depending on the stage of disease and also the symptoms it produces, the following treatment modalities can be either given either alone or with combination.
Small lymphocytic lymphoma References
 Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia [online]. 2005 [Cited 2005 September 9th]. Available from: URL: http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic370.htm Clinical and pathologic features of small lymphocytic, prolymphocytic, and lymphoplasmacytic lymphomas [online]. 2005 [Cited 2005 September 9th]. Available from: URL: http://uptodateonline.com/application/topic.asp?file=lymphoma/9728&type=A&selectedTitle=1~5 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Lymphoma [online]. 2004 [Cited 2005 September 9th]. Available from: URL: http://www.cancer.org.au/documents/chpt12_Lowgrade_lymphoma.pdf Small lymphocytic lymphoma [online]. 2004 [Cited 2005 September 9th]. Available from: URL: http://www.cancerbacup.org.uk/Cancertype/Lymphomanon-Hodgkins/TypesofNHL/Smalllymphocytic Warrell D et al. Oxford Textbook of Medicine. 4nd ed. Oxford; Oxford University Press; 2003.
|Modified: 11/2/2008||Created: 10/9/2005|
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