- What is Hyperparathyroidism?
- Statistics on Hyperparathyroidism
- Risk Factors for Hyperparathyroidism
- Progression of Hyperparathyroidism
- How is Hyperparathyroidism Diagnosed?
- Prognosis of Hyperparathyroidism
- How is Hyperparathyroidism Treated?
- Hyperparathyroidism References
- Drugs/Products Associated with Hyperparathyroidism
What is Hyperparathyroidism?
Statistics on Hyperparathyroidism
Mild asymptomatic Hypercalcaemia occurs in about one in 1000 of the population, especially in elderly women and is usually the result of primary hyperparathyroidism. Primary hyperparathyroidism is responsible for 90% of cases of hypercalcaemia.
Risk Factors for Hyperparathyroidism
Progression of Hyperparathyroidism
The natural history depends on the cause of the elevated calcium levels. The spectrum ranges from familial hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia which is asymptomatic, not progressive and not associated with any decreased mortality to hypercalcaemia present in the terminal stages of metastatic malignancy. In the situation of hypercalcaemia there is the risk of progresive mineralization of bonem hypercalciuria, nephrocalcinosis and renal failure.In the case of mild primary hyperparathyroidism: the long-term natural history is still not certain. A recent study found no progression of symptoms or worsening of skeletal or renal disease. There is a small risk of hypercalcaemic crisis and so patients should be warned of the hazards of dehydration and immobilization and should known to contact a doctor promptly if they become ill.
How is Hyperparathyroidism Diagnosed?
Prognosis of Hyperparathyroidism
The outlook varies depending on the specific type of hyperparathyroidism.
How is Hyperparathyroidism Treated?
Treat underlying cause.
 Braunwald, Fauci, Kasper, Hauser, Longo, Jameson. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 15th Edition. McGraw-Hill. 2001 Cotran, Kumar, Collins 6th edition. Robbins Pathologic Basis of Disease. WB Saunders Company. 1999. Hurst JW (Editor-in-chief). Medicine for the practicing physician. 4th edition Appleton and Lange 1996. Kumar P, Clark M. CLINICAL MEDICINE. WB Saunders 2002 Pg 427-430. Longmore M, Wilkinson I, Torok E. OXFORD HANDBOOK OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. Oxford Universtiy Press. 2001
Drugs/Products Used in the Treatment of This Disease:
- Sensipar (Cinacalcet Hydrochloride)
|Modified: 7/2/2008||Created: 8/9/2003|
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